Cardamom, sometimes cardamon or cardamum, is a spice made from the seeds of several plants in the genera Elettaria and Amomum in the family Zingiberaceae.
The bay leaf is an aromatic leaf commonly used in cooking. It can be used whole, or as dried and ground.
Cinnamon (karuvappatta) is one of the most common spices which we invariably use in all of our dishes is cinnamon. Cinnamon is perhaps one of the world?s oldest known spices.
Cloves are the aromatic flower buds of a tree in the family Myrtaceae, Syzygium aromaticum. They are native to the Maluku Islands (or the Moluccas) in Indonesia and are commonly used as a spice. Cloves are available throughout the year due to different harvest seasons in different countries.
Black pepper (Piper nigrum) is a flowering vine in the family Piperaceae, cultivated for its fruit, known as a peppercorn, which is usually dried and used as a spice and seasoning. When fresh and fully mature, the fruit is about 5 mm (0.20 in) in diameter and dark red, and contains a single seed, like all drupes.